Prenzlauer Berg was the first boom quarter of the German capital and plays a pioneering role. Nowhere in the early 1990s did so many people move in as here. However, it is wrong to talk about population exchange. Rather, it was an ongoing process of change that also affected many other quarters in Berlin after the fall of communism; a natural process because the city was no longer divided. In the context of the post-communist era, change and transformation were a cultural shock for many residents. Socialism turned to free economy, many rental apartments to ownership. In the 1980s Prenzlauer Berg bled out from the population. Most of the buildings and apartments had pre-war standards. Coal stove, outside toilets, no bathrooms. The GDR state was not interested in Prenzlauer Berg and relocated many people into the modern prefabricated housing estates in Marzahn and Hellersdorf. The consequence were thousands of empty flats in Prenzelberg and a massively eroded housing stock at the end of the century. The truth is that the house renovations from this time saved the stock from complete decay. With liveable houses the streetscape and the structure of inhabitants changed. The mixture was colourful: creative people, students, international visitors and many people with an unusually high purchasing power for Prenzlauer Berg. In more than 30 years since then, the street scene has evolved. Today in many quarters chic new and old buildings line the streets. The prices for old buildings came almost up to the new building prices. The proportion of academics in some neighborhoods today is up to 75 percent.
Neighbourhoods in Berlin Prenzlauer Berg
Prenzlauer Berg is not a very large district in terms of area but it borders around with popular neighbours: Pankow, Wedding, Mitte, Friedrichshain and Hohenschönhausen as well as Weissensee. Thanks to its excellent infrastructure, the district is a core area for the surrounding districts. In the northeast there is the park "Volkspark Prenzlauer Berg", built after the Second World War as a hill of wreckage. Besides the little lakes in the Volkspark Prenzlauer Berg and in the Ernst-Thälmann-Park, water areas are otherwise quite rare. Among the most sought-after neighbourhoods there are Kollwitzplatz, Arnimplatz, the quarters around Bornholmer Strasse and Wisbyer Strasse and various micro-locations along Greifswalder Strasse. The demand is high everywhere. The discrepancy between statistical and arithmetical household size shows that the market is in relative equilibrium. Helmholtzplatz and Bötzowviertel are particularly popular places for families. The Bötzow quarter is home to Kurt Schwitters School, one of Berlin's largest schools. The Kastanienallee is also called "Castingallee". Here and in the Gleim quarter, not far away, international life is bustling. On weekends the Mauerpark is a meeting place for people from Prenzlauer Berg and an international crowd. Prenzlauer Berg is practiced calmness with a dash of normality in everyday life.
Property prices in Berlin Prenzlauer Berg
The property market in Prenzlauer Berg is characterised by constant growth in prices and an equally constant decline in supply numbers. In the 12-month period, the price development in the existing property segment 7.40 % and in the new build segment 80.10 %, calculated from 310 offers from projects and attic / penthouse developments. The average asking list price is 6,500 EUR/m² in the housing stock. The average list price across all flat sizes in the new-build segment is 10,710 EUR/m².
Price index Prenzlauer Berg
|Period||Existing buildings Median Offer price||Index (base 10 years = 100)||New buildings Median Offer price||Index (base 10 years = 100)|
|Current quarter||6,500 EUR/m²||-||10,710 EUR/m²||-|
|1 Year||6,050 EUR/m²||7.40 %||5,950 EUR/m²||80.10 %|
|3 Years||4,980 EUR/m²||30.40 %||5,580 EUR/m²||91.80 %|
|5 Years||4,110 EUR/m²||58.20 %||4,950 EUR/m²||116.50 %|
|10 Years||2,600 EUR/m²||150.00 %||3,290 EUR/m²||225.40 %|
Bird's eye view: Property Prices in Berlin Prenzlauer Berg
The Bubble Chart shows the supply situation of the last 12 months for the property market in Prenzlauer Berg. The colors indicate the year of construction classes, the size of the bubbles the quantity of offers, the location in the coordinate system the price radius (square meters) and apartment sizes.
Development of property price segments in Berlin Prenzlauer Berg
The development of the purchase price segments shows a shortage of supply. Supply and demand are drifting further apart in Prenzlauer Berg than in other districts. There are no more properties on offer in the segment below 2,000 euros/m². Prenzlauer Berg is clearly becoming one of the most valuable locations in Berlin.
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Rental market in Berlin Prenzlauer Berg
The rental offer in Prenzlauer Berg in the past 12 months was of about 1,470 apartments. The average (offered) rent for existing apartments in this period was about 16.95 EUR/m². For new apartments one had to pay on average 25.40 EUR/m². The price development for existing apartments was 5.60 %, for new apartments -9.40 %.
Rent index Prenzlauer Berg
|Period||Existing buildings Median Offer price||Index (base 10 years = 100)||New buildings Median Offer price||Index (base 10 years = 100)|
|Current quarter||16.65 EUR/m²||-||23.00 EUR/m²||-|
|1 Year||15.75 EUR/m²||5.60 %||25.40 EUR/m²||-9.40 %|
|3 Years||13.95 EUR/m²||19.10 %||17.90 EUR/m²||28.80 %|
|5 Years||12.05 EUR/m²||38.00 %||15.00 EUR/m²||53.70 %|
Bird's eye view: Asking rents in Berlin Prenzlauer Berg
The bubble chart shows the supply situation of the past 12 months on the property market in Prenzlauer Berg. The colors mark the year of construction classes, the size of the bubbles the quantity of offers, the location in the coordinate system price radius (square meters) and apartment sizes. Construction activity in the rental housing sector in Prenzlauer Berg is very low. Price-fixed housing is mainly offered in the 1950-1978 construction year class. The widest range can be found in old buildings.
Development of rental price segments in Berlin Prenzlauer Berg
The chart shows the changes in the price structure of the district based on four price segments. How many apartments were offered in the different price segments? The line shows the development of the average offer price per square metre across all apartment types and price segments for existing apartments.
Apartment buildings in Berlin Prenzlauer Berg
The district of Prenzlauer Berg has been part of Pankow since the administrative reform of 2001. In the north of Pankow, the development typology in Buch, Buchholz and Karow is characterised by skyscrapers and prefabricated buildings (Plattenbauten). In Prenzlauer Berg, to the south, the dominant cityscape is a mixture of Wilhelminian-era apartment buildings mixed with modern architecture. The building stock in Prenzlauer Berg is just over 7,100 units with about 100,000 flats. The housing typology makes Prenzlauer Berg a family district on the one hand (many large flats), on the other hand 39 per cent of households are one-person households. Three-room flats make up the largest share with about 37 per cent of the housing stock, followed by four-room flats. Only just under five per cent of the dwellings are one-bedroom flats.
The market for apartment buildings in Prenzlauer Berg developed the greatest momentum in the 10-year trend in 2009, with almost 100 transactions. Until 2022, the transaction volume decreased steadily, with rising and recently stable price levels.
The table shows the values for multi-family houses published by the German Real Estate Association (IVD) for Pankow by location and year of construction.
"Baujahresklasse" = year of construction.
"Einfache bis mittlere Lage" = Simple to good area.
"Gute bis sehr gute Lage" = Good to very good area.
|Baujahresklasse||Einfache bis mittlere Lage||Mittlere bis gute Lage|
|1900 - 1949||1.400 - 2.700 EUR/m²||2.000 - 3.700 EUR/m²|
|1950 - 1989||1.400 - 2.300 EUR/m²||1.900 - 3.100 EUR/m²|
|1979 - 2000||1.600 - 2.600 EUR/m²||2.300 - 3.300 EUR/m²|
|ab 2001 (ohne Erstbezug)||1.700 - 3.000 EUR/m²||2.500 - 3.800 EUR/m²|
Trend in Prenzlauer Berg
The great upheavals in Prenzlauer Berg took place many years ago. When other districts were still in their infancy, Prenzlauer Berg was already experiencing a local real estate boom. In addition to many private buyers, international companies also invested in the stock. The trendy neighbourhood soon became a large, established and middle-class neighbourhood. The heterogeneous real estate landscape of renovated old buildings and new construction from more than 15 years of active building activity has shaped not only the streetscape, but also the demographics. The high household incomes in comparison to the rest of Berlin are an expression of the cut through society in Prenzlauer Berg.
The housing stock in Prenzlauer Berg is around 100,000 flats. Around 65,000 Prenzlauer Berg residents live in one-person households, including almost 39,000 who live as one-person households in flats with 3 rooms or more. Prenzlauer Berg thus reveals how urgently new construction is needed in Berlin. If aging and shrinking households cannot find smaller flats on the market, there will inevitably be under-occupancy. Families lose out. The demand in Prenzlauer Berg lies both in the segment of compact flats for one-person households and in the segment of flats with four rooms and more. The real estate market in Prenzlauer Berg is an established market that is running smoothly in terms of price trends in 2022, yet still offers excellent prospects for significant increases in value.
Building activity in Prenzlauer Berg
The suburb Prenzlauer Berg is part of the administrative district Pankow. Its housing stock amounts to 94.000 units distributed over 15 statistical planning areas LOR ( Lebensweltlich orientierte Räume). With an average apartment size of 73,0m², Prenzlauer Berg is in line with the Berlin average. The difference between the statistical household size (1.65 persons per household) and the calculated household size (1.79 persons per household) is comparatively small.
The peak of construction activity in Prenzlauer Berg was recorded in 2015. When and in which quarters (LOR) construction completions were reported, can be seen from the map. (Source: Amt für Statistik Berlin-Brandenburg)
In Prenzlauer Berg there are currently ten conservation areas (milieu protection areas) in accordance with §172 BauGB with a total area of about 535 ha. This corresponds to about 49% of the total area of the Prenzlauer Berg district.
|Milieu protection area||In force since||Area in ha||Extended||Last update|
|Danziger Straße Ost||2021||21,9||-||-|
Milieu protection map Prenzlauer Berg
Check in our milieu protection map Berlin whether your property is located in a protection area, an investigation area or a suspected area. Our milieu protection map is continuously revised and updated on basis of the resolutions of the district assemblies (BVV). Please also visit our milieu protection area for further information.
The property market in Prenzlauer Berg is an established market, which has been less turbulent with regard to price developments in recent years than the newcomers among the neighbourhoods and districts (such as Neukölln and Wedding). In the early 1990s, many West Berliners moved to the exciting, new and transforming quarters in Prenzlauer Berg. The district quickly became an internationally sought-after location. In a second wave, many properties were renovated and converted into condos. The renewal of the partially heavily eroded apartment and building stock was a matter of time and absolutely necessary, as many buildings were on the verge of not being habitable anymore. The strong demand for ownership (condos) and the fact that there was still limited supply in the eastern part of Berlin led to a local real estate boom.
Until 2001 the number of conversions in Prenzlauer Berg was about 16,000 units. At the same time, many attractive projects resulted in new living environments. In 1997 the first milieu protection "Falkplatz" was introduced. In 1999 and 2000 the district added two more areas (Arnimplatz, Humannplatz). Today the district has a total of 9 milieu protection areas. The early modernization/refurbishment, mostly connected with conversion into condos and the large number of new buildings resulted in a very active market despite the sharp restrictions of the district.
Population by nationality
While Prenzlauer Berg shows a negative balance following the current trend within Berlin, the district gains population from international and national migrations. In suburban terms, there are slight tendencies to drift away. Thus a reversal of the currents has taken place, which until the turn of the millennium were mainly fed from inland trains. The international influxes to Prenzlauer Berg are dominated by the USA and Western European countries. The national influxes are led by North Rhine-Westphalia, Brandenburg, Bavaria, followed by Baden-Württemberg. In suburban relations, the district loses residents to the districts of Oberhavel, Barnim and Potsdam. The balance is also negative in internal relations. Prenzlauer Berg has lost to the other districts of Berlin in the course of 5 years. Friedrichshain, Mitte, Pankow and Wedding are the main targets.
- All migrations
District Market Reports
This report was last updated on 21.01.2022 .
The Guthmann Market Report is a semi-automated report about the property market in Berlin. All information has been carefully researched and is given to the best of our knowledge and belief. We assume no liability for completeness, deviations, changes and errors. Our report does not represent an investment recommendation.
Amt für Statistik Berlin-Brandenburg: Einwohnerregisterstatistik (Bewegungsdaten), Fortschreibung des Wohngebäude- und Wohnungsbestandes, Ergebnisse des Haushaltegenerierungsverfahren KOSIS-HHGen, Baufertigstellungen. IMV GmbH: Rohdaten Preise und Mieten. Senatsverwaltung für Stadtentwicklung und Wohnen: Umwandlungsdaten (2018), Geoportal Berlin (FIS-Broker). Immobilienverband Deutschland IVD (2018/2019): Immobilienpreisservice 2018/2019.
Housing deficit (Treemap): The Statistics Office updates the household data based on the 2011 micro-census. Determination of household count and statistical household size via household generation procedures (KOSIS). We calculate the real household size / housing deficits via the ratio number of inhabitants to number of apartments.
Purchase prices and rents (charts and reports): Calculation of the median on the basis of raw data, own visualization.
Migrations: Aggregation and visualization based on transaction data.